The Clean Air Acts of 1956 and 1968 were introduced to deal with the huge smog problems of the 50s and 60s. The Acts give local authorities the power to control emissions of smoke, grit, dust and fumes. One of the powers the Acts confer is the right to declare ‘smoke control areas’ in which emissions of smoke from domestic properties are banned.
These Acts together with associated Clean Air legislation were consolidated into the Clean Air Act 1993 which provide the current legislation.
You can contact your local authority to see if you live in a smoke control area. The maximum fine for emitting smoke in a control area is £1000 for each offence.